All Categories
Sales Inquiry

8683 878 878

Shipping

Pan India Delivery

difference between ammeter and voltmeter

Difference Between Ammeter and Voltmeter

In electrical measurements, two essential instruments play a significant role: the ammeter and the voltmeter. Both instruments measure electrical quantities but serve distinct purposes and provide different information. This article explores the key differences between ammeters and voltmeters, shedding light on their functions, applications, and operation principles.

1. Introduction

Electrical measurements are vital in various domains, such as engineering, physics, and electronics. Ammeters and voltmeters are two widely used instruments that enable accurate measurement of electrical quantities. Understanding their differences is crucial for using them effectively and interpreting the measurement results correctly.

2. Ammeter: Definition and Function

An ammeter is an instrument designed to measure electric current. It provides information about the amount of current flowing through a circuit. Ammeters are connected in series with the circuit under test, allowing the current to pass through them. They typically have a low resistance to minimize any influence on the measured circuit.

3. Voltmeter: Definition and Function

On the other hand, a voltmeter is used to measure the voltage across a component or between two points in an electrical circuit. It provides information about the potential difference present in the circuit. Voltmeters are connected in parallel with the circuit, allowing them to measure the voltage across the points of interest. They have a high resistance to ensure minimal current flow through the voltmeter itself.

4. Difference Between Ammeter and Voltmeter

4.1 Measurement Principle

Ammeters measure current by monitoring the flow of electric charge through a conductor. They utilize a shunt resistor or a current transformer to divert a known fraction of the current through the instrument, allowing the measurement of the current without significantly affecting the circuit.

Voltmeters, on the other hand, measure voltage by utilizing the principle of potential difference. They are connected in parallel with the circuit and measure the voltage drop across their internal resistance. By determining this voltage drop, the voltmeter can infer the voltage in the circuit.

4.2 Current and Voltage Range

Ammeters are designed to handle high current levels and are calibrated in amperes (A) or milliamperes (mA). They are commonly used in power distribution systems, electronic equipment, and electrical appliances.

Voltmeters, on the other hand, are used to measure relatively lower voltage levels and are calibrated in volts (V) or millivolts (mV). They are commonly employed in electronic circuits, power supplies, and testing laboratories.

4.3 Connection Method

Ammeters are connected in series with the circuit under test. They become part of the circuit and measure the current flowing through them. The current passes through the ammeter, allowing it to accurately measure the circuit’s current.

Voltmeters, in contrast, are connected in parallel with the circuit. They measure the voltage across the points of interest without interrupting the current flow. The voltmeter has a high input resistance, ensuring that most of the current continues through the measured circuit.

4.4 Internal Resistance

Ammeters have a low internal resistance, ideally approaching zero. This design allows them to draw only a minimal amount of current from the circuit under test, ensuring accurate, current measurement without significant disturbances.

Voltmeters, in contrast, have a high internal resistance. This high resistance prevents significant current flow through the voltmeter, ensuring the measurement does not alter the measured voltage.

4.5 Impact on the Measured Circuit

Ammeters directly impact the circuit being measured, as they become part of the circuit in series connection. Their low resistance can potentially cause a voltage drop or alter the current distribution in the circuit. Therefore, ammeters should be carefully selected and connected to minimize any interference.

Thanks to their high input resistance, voltmeters have a negligible impact on the circuit being measured. The current passing through the voltmeter is minimal, ensuring that the voltage measurement remains accurate and does not significantly affect the circuit’s behaviour.

5. Applications of Ammeters and Voltmeters

5.1 Ammeter Applications

Ammeters find extensive applications in various fields, including:

  • Power distribution systems
  • Electric vehicle charging stations
  • Electrical appliances and machinery
  • Circuit testing and troubleshooting
  • Battery monitoring

5.2 Voltmeter Applications

Voltmeters are widely used in diverse applications, such as:

  • Electronics and electrical circuitry
  • Power supply testing and regulation
  • Electrical safety inspections
  • Calibration and instrumentation
  • Renewable energy systems

6. Conclusion

In summary, ammeters and voltmeters are indispensable tools for measuring electrical quantities. Ammeters focus on measuring current, while voltmeters are designed to measure voltage. They differ in measurement principles, connection methods, internal resistances, and impact on the measured circuit. Understanding these differences is essential for selecting the appropriate instrument and ensuring accurate measurements. Finally, we have understood the difference between Ammeter and Voltmeter

7. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can an ammeter be used to measure voltage?

No, an ammeter is specifically designed for measuring current and cannot accurately measure voltage.

Can a voltmeter be used to measure current?

No, a voltmeter is designed to measure voltage and cannot accurately measure current.

What precautions should be taken when using ammeters and voltmeters?

A: It is crucial to select the appropriate instrument for the measurement task, ensure correct connections, and consider the impact on the circuit under test.

Why is a voltmeter connected in parallel?

Voltmeters are connected in parallel because they measure the voltage across a component or between two points in an electrical circuit. Connecting them in parallel allows the voltmeter to directly measure the potential difference without interrupting the current flow through the circuit. By connecting in parallel, the voltmeter can provide an accurate measurement of the voltage without affecting the circuit’s behaviour significantly.

What happens if a voltmeter is connected in series?

If a voltmeter is connected in series with the circuit, it would interfere with the current flow and change the circuit’s behaviour. The voltmeter has a high resistance, and connecting it in series would impede the current flow, leading to incorrect voltage measurements and potential damage to the voltmeter.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Samtech Instruments, established in 2002, is a leading manufacturer & supplier of Educational Meters, Solar Energy Kits & Scientific Instruments.

Featured Products

PN Junction Diode Characteristics Apparatus

In stock

Original price was: ₹2,900.Current price is: ₹1,550. (Exc. GST)
Add To Cart
SKU: SAM-208
Weight 1 kg
Dimensions 42 × 21 × 12 cm
Brand JAYSEE

EDM80 Desk Stand Meter

In stock

135145 (Exc. GST)
Black
Blue
White
Yellow

Enter Range like 10V, 5A etc

Add To Cart
SKU: SAM-3
Brand JAYSEE
Scale length 80mm
Accuracy +/- 2 F.S.D
Size 120*80*83mm
Color Black , Blue , White , Yellow
Packaging Thermocol Box

MR87 Desk Stand Meter

In stock

Original price was: ₹500.Current price is: ₹190. (Exc. GST)
Add To Cart
SKU: SAM-4
Dimensions 14 × 10 × 10 cm
Brand JAYSEE
Accuracy +/- 2 F.S.D
Color Blue , Yellow
Scale length 97mm
Packaging Thermocol Box

Solar Domestic Circuit Apparatus

In stock

Original price was: ₹4,000.Current price is: ₹1,850. (Exc. GST)
Add To Cart
SKU: SAM-115

Solar Energy Kit 5 in 1

In stock

Original price was: ₹1,500.Current price is: ₹590. (Exc. GST)
Add To Cart
SKU: SAM-113

Battery Eliminator 2-12V 2A

In stock

Original price was: ₹1,700.Current price is: ₹750. (Exc. GST)
Add To Cart
SKU: SAM-305
Volatage 2,4,6,8,10,12 V
Current 2 A
Brand JAYSEE
Shopping cart
Sign in

No account yet?

Shop
0 Wishlist
0 items Cart
Menu